|Bauhaus Signet adopted in 1921 (Do you see the profile?)|
Bauhaus (full name, Staatliches Bauhaus)Bauhaus was a German art school founded by Walter Gropius in Weimar and operated from 1919-1933, when the newly formed Nazi government shut it down. In 1925, Gropius moved the school to Dessau, its most famous location, where it remained open until 1932.
|Bauhaus Dessau - photo by Spyrosdrakopoulos - own work, CC BY-SA 4.0|
Watch DesignBauhaus influence on watch graphic design continues a century later. During its period of German popularity from 1918-1933 in Weimar Era Germany, a number of watch makers incorporated the Bauhaus style into the graphic designs of their watches. These carried into the Nazi era until WWII began in September 1939 when watch production shifted to supporting the war effort.
|Aristo Bauhaus Dessau 1; caliber ETA 2824-2 Automatic|
|Aristo 7001H8; caliber ETA (Peseux) 7001 Hand Wind|
|Stowa Antea Hand Wind|
The most widely known Bauhaus dial and hands graphic design came much later, after WWII in 1962, by Max Bill in Switzerland, having studied Bauhaus at the Dessau school from 1924-1927.
|Max Bill Handaufzug; caliber J805.1 (ETA 2801-2) Hand Wind|
NOMOS Glashütte, is a latecomer. Located in Glashütte, Saxony, formerly in East Germany (aka DDR), the company was founded in the traditional Glashütte watchmaking region two months after the Berlin wall was toppled.
|NOMOS Tangente Hand Wind|
Another newcomer is Laco, which has its roots in Pforzheim, established there in 1925.
|Laco Vintage Automatic|
Frederique Constant, a Swiss company founded in 1988 by a Dutch couple with the brand now owned by Citizen since 2016, entered the Bauhaus market within their Slimline collection.
|Slimline FC-306G4S6; caliber FC-306 Automatic|
Other watchmaking companies outside Europe, such as Orient, Japan's #2 watch company in prestige just behind Seiko, have adopted the style in their pieces. Some are in the version three of their second generation Bambino line.
|Orient 2nd Gen v3 Bambino; caliber F6722 Automatic|
|Orient Maestro on aftermarket Milanese; caliber F6722 Automatic|
Form follows function, Bauhaus' basic tenet.
|Walter Gropius, 1919; photo by Louis Held|
Bauhaus' founder, Walter Gropius, probably had little idea his concepts would be so widely used in wrist watch graphic design a century after he created his school in Germany.
I have no connection with Aristo, Stowa, Junghans, NOMOS Glashütte, Laco, Frederique Constant, or Orient, and have not received anything from them, or from any distributors, dealers or sellers of them in compensation or consideration for my remarks here.